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CODS - Lap digestive

Colorectal Surgery

Colorectal surgeryColorectal surgery is performed on patients who are suffering from diseases of the large intestine, rectum and anal canal. At CODS, we perform this surgery laparoscopically since it is less invasive and less painful than an open surgery with shorter recovery times.

Colorectal conditions that can be treated laparoscopically include:

  • Diverticular disease and its complications
  • Colon cancer
  • Rectal prolapse
  • Colonic volvulus
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease)
  • Intusucception

Know the symptoms

If you experience more than one of the following symptoms it may be likely that medical intervention will be required.

Colorectal surgery symptoms
  • Bleeding from the rectum and black colour stools
  • Abdominal pain
  • Change in bowel habits
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Fever
  • Flatulence while passing urine
  • Something prolapsing from the anal verge

Surgery step-by-step

  • You will be administered general anesthesia during the procedure.
  • Laparoscopic colorectal surgeries are performed using a cannula (a narrow tube-like instrument) through which the surgeon enters the abdomen.
  • A laparoscope (a tiny telescope connected to a video camera) is inserted through a cannula, giving the surgeon a magnified view of the patient's internal organs on a television monitor.
  • Several other cannulas are inserted to allow the surgeon to work inside and remove or repair the infected area in the colon.
  • The entire procedure may be completed through the cannulas or by lengthening one of the small cannula incisions.
  • The procedure usually lasts for 2 to 3 hours depending on the complexity of the procedure.
  • A small tube (drain) shall be inserted after the procedure. It will be removed before you leave the hospital.
  • A part of the small or large intestine may be exteriorized either temporarily or permanently if needed (the surgeon shall explain this to you prior to the procedure).


What are the advantages of opting for the laparoscopic procedure?

Whilst results may vary depending upon the type of procedure and patient's overall condition, here are some of the common advantages:

  • Less post-operative pain
  • Shortened hospital stay
  • Quicker return to bowel function
  • Quicker return to normal activity

What sort of preparation is required prior to surgery?

  • Depending on your age and medical condition you may need to have blood work, medical evaluations, chest x-rays and an ECG performed.
  • The rectum and colon must be completely empty before surgery. You may be asked to drink a special cleansing solution prior to surgery. You may be on several days of clear liquids, laxatives and enemas prior to the operation.
  • Drugs such as aspirin and anti platelet medications like clopitab medications will need to be stopped temporarily for 3 to 5 days prior to surgery.

What happens after the surgery?

  • You are encouraged to be out of bed on the day after surgery and to walk.
  • You will probably be able to get back to most of your normal activities in one to two weeks time. These activities include showering, driving, walking up stairs, working and engaging in sexual intercourse.